changed: 2020-02-11 13:54:56

The Open Source Intelligence
resource discovery toolkit

A product of Reuser's Information Services

OSINT Training Programmes 2020

training programme dates More information or register?
OSINT Pathfinder XXIV 17-19 March info, registration
OSINT Pathfinder XXV 16-18 June info, registration
OSINT Pathfinder XXVI 22-24 September info, registration
OSINT Pathfinder XXVII 8-10 December info, registration

Table of contents:





Locations of visitors to this page

web Directories
edited 8dec17 AR
Directories are not really search engines, but mainly systematically arranged listings of links selected by humans instead of a computer program. Most are by now outdated and no longer maintained. They do serve a function in OSINT though.
web Directories
top choices
edited 4aug18 AR
web Directories
General purpose
Introduction: A few directories more or less suited for general purpose.
o - Aviva Directory -- Categorised, with search engine. Launched 2005. Selective, human edited. Organised by topic, then by country.
o - Best of the Web --
o - Galaxy.einet -- One of the oldest directories on the Net, EiNET lists 2.000.000 links in about 700.000 categories. Links are annotated.
o - The WWW virtual Library -- Geneva, Switserland. Very small, but could be usefull.
web Directories
Dutch Language
Introduction: The following are Dutch language only.
o - Start Nederland -- Dutch links in a very compact layout.
o - Startpagina -- Dutch language systematic arrangement of all kinds of subjects and 'daughterpages'. Popular.
web Directories
o - DMOZ Archive -- Archive of the DMOZ Open Directory Project. Closed since 2016.

Citation Indexes
edited 1may09 ar
For prospective searching, to find information that cites the information in the search argument, to find information that is newer then what we have. Also consider the vertical citation indexes like CLAIMS and Derwernt Patents Citations Index (both Dialog) for patent citations.
Also try the link: operator available in Exalead. Used to be available in Google and Yahoo but has since some time now been turned off.

Citation Indexes
o - Academic Search -- Microsoft.
o - CiteSeerX beta -- Succesor of CiteSeer. "Citations made by indexed documents". Searches about 767.000 docs. Emphasis on mathematics and computer sciences.
o - Google Scholar -- Limited, simple, but useable.
Citation Indexes
o - Arts & Humanities Citation Index -- ISI Institute of Scientific Information. Dialog file 439.
o - ISI Web of Knowledge --
o - Science Citation Index -- ISI Institute of Scientific Information. Dialog file 34, 434.
o - Scopus -- Elsevier B.V. Much larger then the ISI producsts.
o - Social Science Citation Index -- ISI Institute of Scientific Information. Dialog file 7.
o - Web of Science -- Thomson.

Deep web
edited 9may13 ar
Also called hidden web, or dark web, or unvisible web which is not true. Many of the below promises things they don't do, or simply don't function at all. There is a special subcategory for the Onion network searchers, see 'Tor searchers'.
Deep web
o - Complete Planet -- Bright Planet Corp. Listing of about 70.000 searchable databases and specialty search engines, not found by 'normal' search engines.
o - Invisible Web -- (ooo, is being refurbished).
Deep web
Onion network searchers
Introduction: See category 'tor search' for onion directories and search engines
o - Tor Browser Bundle -- The Onion router. Software package including browser (Firefox only) to surf the web almost anonymously, as well as diving into the .onion pseudo domain network. Obligatory for searchng .onion websites.
Deep web
meta search engines
o - Goshme -- To find search engines with exclusive content and features. Needs (free) registration, which can be slow.
o - Turbo 10 -- "Search the deep net".

edited 12dec138 ar
Also see Videocamera's
o - Shodan computer search engine -- " the Internet for computers. Find devices based on city, country, latitude/longitude, hostname, operating system and IP."

Tor searchers
edited 9dec18 ar
Search engines, directories and simple lists to search or browse the .onion network

Tor searchers
o - The Hidden Wiki -- Lists .onion directories and search engines. Services, hosting, blogs, forums, search engines, hacking, etc. Often down, use mirrors as an alternative.
o - The Tor Library -- Small collection of categories to documents, books, reports and such.
o - TorDir -- Categorized listing of about 500 .onion websites. Activism, blogs, hacking, reference, gambling, software etc.
o - TorLinks -- The .onion Link List. Categorized. Also includes fee-based links.
Tor searchers
search engines
o - -- To search the Tor network. Help.
o - Candle --
o - DeepSearch -- Search engine for the .onion network. No introduction, no help.
o - DuckDuckGo -- Same engine, but this time as a Tor service.
o - DuckDuckGo -- To search the surface web from within Tor.
o - The Abyss --
o - TorSearch -- By Chris McNaughton. Less then a million pages. Spider based.
o - Torch -- Tor search engine. Help.
o - not Evil --
Tor searchers
Markets and shops
o - BlackMarket reloaded -- For purchase of drugs, weapons, tobacco, counterfeits etc. Registration required, but closed.
o - UK Guns and Ammo --
Tor searchers
o - The Tor Library -- Very small collection of links to full text books. Browsing the Tor Library link works easier.
Tor searchers
Tor Gateway
Introduction: External gateway to dive into the Tor network without using the Tor browser bundle. Please read the explanation provided by the Gateway before use!
o - TOR2WEB -- Tor hidden services gateway.
o - Tor Hidden Service (.onion) search -- Search engine to search .onion network from outside Tor. Uses the Tor2Web gateway to access results.

FTP searchers
edited 2jul07 AR
Search engines to find files in the FTP domain.
o - FTP site list -- Monthly updated listing of anonymuos FTP sites. International.
o - -- Listing of FTP search engines, FTP-clients, file searchers and an introduction to FTP.
o - Filewatcher -- Searching on (parts of) filenames

edited 10apr08 AR
The Net only covers a fraction of what's out there. Conventional libraries are still important to find high quality information, although actual acquisition can be time consuming. Here are the worlds major libraries.
national libraries
o - Bibliotheque Nationale de France (FR) --
o - Bibliotheque Royale de Belgique (BE) --
o - British Library (UK) --
o - Deutsche Nationalbibliothek (DE) --
o - Koninklijke Bibliotheek (NL) -- Royal Library, national library of The Netherlands. The catalogues have an excellent search language. SL
o - Library and Archives Canada (CA) -- Union of the former National Library and former National Archives of Canada. Extensive holdings, incl. film, music score's maps, art, video. Simpel search engine with limited functionallities.
o - Library of Congress (US) --
o - Russia St. Petersburg (RU) --
meta sites
o - Catalogus pagina -- Dutch language site listing hundreds of online catalogues worldwide.
o - LibWeb -- "Library servers via WWW", updated daily, lists over 7500 pages from libaries in ove 135 countries.

National Bibliographies
o - Bibliografia Nazionale Italiana (IT) --
o - Bibliographie Nationale de France (FR) -- Online, French only. RSS service. systematic per month, no search option..
o - British National Bibliography (UK) -- Uses Dewey Decimal (DDC) and LC headings. Also forthcoming publications. The weekly is at The Week's new BNB records in downloadble PDF's.
o - Deutsche Nationalbibliographie (DE) --
o - National bibliography (BE) --
o - National bibliography online (NL) -- Online database, good search functionality, English and Dutch. Last year only. Includes forthcoming publications
o - Out now : Netherlands bibliography weeklist -- Postponed from April 2015 onwards. Weekly list of the Dutch national bibliography. Published weekly, in Eng and Dutch. A-list: new books, first issues and special issues of journals and annuals, as well as electronic publications, B-list: publications issued by governemental authorities (national and local), scientific institutes and similar organizations, privately published dissertations and other university-papers. C-list: other new publications.

main catalogues
Introduction: Holdings of some of the most important libraries on the world. Use the Interlibrary loan systems to use.
o - BN Opale-Plus (FR) --
o - Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana --
o - Bibliotheque Royale Belgique (BE) --
o - British Library Main Catalogue -- Holds 57 million items. Excludes the BNB
o - CCFR (FR) --
o - Koninklijke Bibliotheek (NL) --
o - Library and Archives Canada (CA) --
o - Library of Congress (US) --
o - Russia St. Petersburg (RU) --
o - OAIster -- ''OAIster is a union catalog of millions of records representing open access resources that was built by harvesting from open access collections worldwide using (OAI-PMH). OAIster includes more than 25 million records representing digital resources from more than 1,100 contributors. OAIster records are fully accessible through, and will be included in search results along with records from thousands of libraries worldwide.''
o - WorldCat -- Connects collections of more than 10.000 libraries worldwide with access to over 130 million items. Free acount to make lists. Good search functionality. Also internet resources, DVDs, etc. Successor to RedLightGreen.
o - National Library Catalogues Worldwide --
o - The European Library --

edited 24dec10 AR
Listing links to bookshops and sources for full text books.
o - Amazon --
o - Amerigo --
o - Barnes Noble --
o - Bibliofind --
o - Noord Nederlandsche Boekhandel --
Full text books
o - A9 -- Amazon's book search engine.
o - Google Books -- Mainly reviews, also lots of full text books.
o - Google Ebookstore -- About 3m titles. Intended for mobile reading. Titles in uers' personal library are stored in the cloud. Partly fee-based, account required.
o - Million Book Collection -- The Universal Digital Library.
o - Open Content Alliance -- " a collaborative effort of a group of cultural, technology, nonprofit, and governmental organizations from around the world that helps build a permanent archive of multilingual digitized text and multimedia material. An archive of contributed material is available on the Internet Archive website and through Yahoo! and other search engines and sites."
o - Open Library -- About 22m books of which about 1m with full text. With clustering and frequency table tools. Beta.
o - Project Gutenberg -- Access to 28000 free full text books online. About another 100.000 are availble at the project's partners and affiliates.

edited 30jun16 ar
The Big Three
Introduction: Traditionally, there are three major general purpose vendors:
o - Factiva -- U.K. Mainly aimed at business news. Many news sources for business analyses, companies, markets etc. Great in creating custom made end-products for the end-user, good search language and coverage, although the automated process of assigning keywords often fails. Use the Factiva database catalogue to get an impression on the coverage.
o - Lexis-Nexis -- USA. Largest aggregator worldwide. Billions of documents online. Fair search language and fair support. Tends to be a bit fluffy. Good coverage of Dutch newspapers. Comes in many flavours: LN Academic, LN Diligence, etc. Acquired Moreoever in 2014.
The database catalogue may be used to look up which sources are available. Here is the search language help files.

o - Proquest Dialog -- US. Aimed at scientific and technical information, also business and some news. Excellent selection of databases, very good search language and meta data design, very good support and documentation.
Direct links to the database documentation: Proquest Dialog Customer Resources with links to the search guides, quick reference cards and the Proquest Dialog Database catalogue ; ProQuest Dialog ProSheets detailed descriptions of each database.

General purpose
Introduction: Below is a selection of the large - more or less - general purpose commercial information providers.
o - Bloomberg -- Business and markets. Financial information services, news and desktop integration. Expensive, but the most authorative.
o - Open Source Center -- Top class information source for international relations and security. Formerly the FBIS, now OSC. Needs (free) registration,
Introduction: Also see the category Government
o - OpMaat -- Sdu. Dutch language legal database offering databases, journals, jurisprudence. Dutch only.
o - PiCarta -- By OCLC. Access to the Dutch central union catalogue and Online Contents. Fee based
Military / security
o - IHS Jane's --
o - USNI Periscope --

Classification systems
edited 27mar18 ar
Also thesauri, taxonomies, ontologies
Classification systems
o - Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) summaries -- Brief history of the DDC sytem and a listing of the classes up to the third summary. Maintained by OCLC
o - Universal Decimal Classification (UDC) -- UDC Consortium. International. Multilingual. World's widely used system to organize documents systematically by subject. Fee based. A free summary of the main classes is available.
Classification systems
The Netherlands
o - Schema voor de Indeling van de Systematische catalogus in Openbare bibliotheken (SISO) -- Dutch only. Maintained by NBDbiblion.

interlibrary loan
o - Impala -- Belgium
o - Picarta -- The Netherlands.
o - United Kingdom --

edited 9dec09 ar
Moved to 'Terminology'.

edited 27jul10 ar
Only the general encyclopedias will be listed here. There are however thousands more, typically specialised in some subject. Please note that many general encyclopedia hardly have a online presence but are very important anyway, like Encyclopedia Americana, La Grand Larousse, Deutsche Encyclopedia.
top choices
o - Encyclopedia Britannica -- Probably the worlds most famous scientific encyclopedia.
o - WikipediA -- Most popular one, but its reliability is doubtfull, although the enormous peer group suggest the contrary.
search engines
o - -- Searches the Columbia Encyclopedia and some others, as well as dictionaries.

edited 6aug2018 AR
A well prepared free text search strategy starts with finding the terminology. What terms best describe the concept at hand. This category lists some tools that may coome in handy.
Dictionaries English
Introduction: Dictionaries can be very helpful in preparation of a search. They should be used in accordance to the Semantic Table to create proper keywords and paying attention to such things as synonyms, homonyms, spelling variations, translations, history, etc.
o - IATE -- ''Interactive Terminology for Europe''. Succesor to Eurodicotom. European Terminology database. Very usefull for bureaucratic terminology in all languages of the EU.
o - Merriam-Webster -- American dictionary, thesaurus, medical. Returns definitions, examples of use, some relational terms.
o - MetaGlossary -- In Beta. For looking up definitions of terms. Returns related terms and definitions with sources. Handy also to find synonyms or other related terms.
o - Oxford English Dictionary -- Oxford University Press. English to English dictionary.
o - The Free Dictionary -- "...English, Medical, Legal, Financial, and Computer Dictionaries, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, a Literature Reference Library."
Dictionaries French
o - Dictionnaire de L'Academie Francaise -- 9th edtion, in French.
o - Le petit Larousse -- Dictionnaires de francais et encyclopedie.
Dictionaries German
o - Duden -- Dictionary with synonyms,
Dictionaries multilingual
o - Interglot translation dictionary -- In English, based in The Netherlands. Independent online translation dictionary. Autocomplete and spellcheck. English, Spanish, Dutch, german, French, Swedish.
o - -- Translations, descriptions and synonyms for French, German, Italian, Spanish, dutch, Swedish, Catalan, Swedish, Russian, Portugese, English, and more
Dictionaries Dutch
o - Algemeen Nederlands Woordenboek -- In Dutch, online dictionary of contemporary dutch of The Netherlands and Flaunders, with examples sentences, general grammatical properties, spelling and pronounciation.
o - MWB : Mijnwoordenboek -- In Dutch, translates to and from English, Dutch, French, German and Spanish. Annotated, multidisciplinary (also legal terms + explanations, technical terms etc.). Gives excellent explanations of terminology depending on discipline or science.
o - Straattaal betekenis weten? -- List of street terminology spoken in larger cities in The Netherlands. In Dutch.
o - -- Dutch street slang. Holds about 10.000 terms and more than 3100 definitions.
o - Thesaurus Politiekunde -- Zoekinstrument voor het terugvindbaar maken van kennis en publicaties, onderhouden door het Kennis en Informatieknooppunt van de Politieacademie. Bijzonder handig voor het vinden van alternatieve zoektermen. Geeft per term relaties weer met andere termen. Met directe links naar de catalogi van het mediacentrum.
o - Woordenboek der Nederlandsche Taal -- Instituut voor de Nederlandse taal. Covers 1500 to 1976
o - Woordenlijst -- In Dutch. Also known as ''Het Groene Boekje'', official spelling list of Dutch words.
o - Acronyms Finder -- Acronym Finder is the world's largest and most comprehensive dictionary of acronyms, abbreviations, and initialisms. More than 5 million acronyms and abbreviations. Categorized.
o - Slangit : the slang dictionnary -- The source for finding common used acronyms, emoticons, etc. Very useful if you want to search through Social Media.
o - -- Definitions of terms and alternatives. Links to other sysnonym sites. In Dutch
o - The free thesaurus -- Synonym finder. Extensive, not always relevant though. The popup screens with word explanations are handy.
o - -- Good for synonyms, broader and narrower terms. With example sentences. Also includes related terms for the related terms (...).
o - Wikibrains -- Online brainstorming tool. Enter a topic and see associated terms. Click on one of the bubbles to get more information on it in the sidebar.
Introduction: Some general purpose online translate tools.
o - -- ''Dictionary Vocabulary Translation''. Translation to/from the English from mostly European languages, but also Hindi, kapanese, Korean and Arabic. With useage examples and pronounciation. Includes synonyms.
o - Bing Translator. -- Similar to Google Translate. You can choose between different views of the original text and the translated one. Very useful is the "side-by-side" view of translations.
o - Google Translate -- Many languages, not just translating text or words, but also translated search, i.e., searching Arab language websites using English language terms. You can alos tranlsate complete webpages.
Meta sites
o - Links online dictionaries -- Extensive list of links to dictionaries of about 150 languages.

New sources
This category holds links to sources that are worthwhile a further investigation, or, recently (re)discovered sources. These should be analysed, annotated and arranged somewhere else.
New sources
Information companies
o - Howards Home -- Dutch, and in Dutch.
o - Kroll Associates -- Risc consulting company.
o - Stratfor --
o - iJET Intelligent Risk Solutions --
New sources
Media coverage companies
o - BurellesLuce --
o - Cision (MediaMap)) --
New sources
o - Business Monitor International (BMI) --
o - De Krantenbank -- Dutch language. Full text access to the content of 6 major dutch language newspapers, back to approx. 1991. Restricted for use through Dutch public libraries.
o - Keesings Historisch Archief -- Dutch language historical site with journal articles on current affairs dating back about 60 years. About 110.000 articles, updated monthly with about 250 articles per month, describing the history of NL and BL.

edited 5apr13 AR
o - International Air Transport Association (IATA) -- International trade association representing 290 airlines. Holds data on airfields, standards, codes, manuals, etc.
o - Aircraft Charter World -- Commercial site, containing informatie about over 13.000 airports worldwide, their location, basic information and capacity.
o - PilotFriend -- Collection of information for pilots: aviation weather, simple airport database, and general information on several aspects for flying.
o - World Aeronautical Database -- Database containing information on nearly 10,000 airports and over 11,000 navaids worldwide.
airplane trackers
o - FlightRadar24 -- Live air traffic on a map or satellite with moving icons. International. Gives information on movement, flight information , position, altitude, route, and more. Also cockpit view.
o - The Airport Guide -- is an online tool assisting operators of all types locate airport information to include handlers, maintenance or catering. Outdated. Not updated since nov 2010.

edited 15dec13 AR
Selection of search tools to find information contained in weBlogs.
top choices
o - BlogSearchEngine --
o - Meltwater IceRocket -- Real time search engine for Blogs.
Blog search engines
o - BlogDigger -- Note the 'groups' option.
o - GetBlogs -- Small, categorized directory of blogs.
o - Globe of Blogs -- Directory of blogs, by author, topic, title, location, birtday.
o - Blogsearch Google --
o - Faganfinder --
o - BlogPulse -- For searching the blogosphere.
o - Blogline --
o - Technorati -- Most popular search engine for Blogs.

company information
company information
o - Competitive Intelligence Guide --
o - Corporate Information --
o - Hoovers --
o - RBA Business Information on the Internet --
o - RUSMarket Business Directory --
company information
The Netherlands
o - Kamer van Koophandel -- In Dutch. Chamber of Commerce. Partly fee-based, but searching on name or KVK number returns official company name, registration number, address plus summary.

Country information
edited 03may19 AR
See separate entries for more specific country information like government, news, telecommunication, maps, etc.
Country information
o - BBC Monitoring Country Profiles -- Country information for all countries. On the start page, choose between countries, territorise or international organisations. Every country profile is split up in 5 sub-categories: Overview, Facts, Leaders, Media and a Timeline with the main historical events.
o - CIA World Fact Book -- Country information for all countries, updated yearly, available for download in a ZIP file. Descriptions are short but fairly complete.
o - Country policy and information notes -- Formerly called "country information and guidance". International. Updated. Country profiles, background and more. The Country Background notes contain the detailed country profiles.
o - Country studies -- "...This website contains the on-line versions of books previously published in hard copy by the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress [...]. Each study offers a comprehensive description and analysis of the country or region's historical setting, geography, society, economy, political system, and foreign policy." Only 110 countries are represented. Even older dates than the Library of Congress Country Studies.
o - FAO -- Food and Agriculture Organization UN. Full country reports on food safety, water, agriculture, refugees, forest, etc.
o - GlobalEDGE Insights -- International Business Center, Eli Broad College of Business (Michigan State University). Aimed at business information, gives limited country information on history, government, economy, trade, statistics, culture, risk and resources. Also indices.
o - Library of Congress Country Studies -- Library of Congress. "...presents a description and analysis of the historical setting and the social, economic, political, and national security systems and institutions of countries throughout the world". Useful for historical purposes.
o - Library of Congress Law Library Nations of the World -- The Guide to Law Online is an annotated compendium of Internet links; a portal of Internet sources of interest to legal researchers. International.
o - RefWorld -- Aggregator of country profiles, country reports and country news on all countries worldwide. Detailed. Extensive, with good search engine and explanations.
o - World Bank -- Categorised macro economic data of all the countries in the world. Downloadable in XML and X
o - World Health Organisation (WHO) -- Country information related to health, diseases, health riscs, health profile, nutrition and mortality. Als country statistics. The news section covers the latest news on health issues in a country.
Country information
o - Country Insights -- Global Affairs Canada. Intercultural information on countries in a question-answer style. How to behave, how to greet, cultural attitudes, gender, religion and more.
Country information
travel information
Introduction: Travel information typically gives current and up-to-date information about countries, specifically aimed at travellers: security, crime, transport, local laws, customs, visa, helath, etc.
o - Reisadvies Buitenlandse Zaken -- NL Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In Dutch. Country descriptions for travellers.
o - Travel Information by Belgian Ministry of Foreign affairs (in Dutch) -- Country advice provided for Belgian travellers. Multilingual.
o - Travel advice by country -- U.K. Foreign & Commonwealth Office.
o - US Travel Information -- US Department of State country information for travellers. The International Travel Information box links to travel warnings and travel alerts.
Country information
o - Country information -- The Economist Intelligence Unit. International. All countries covered. Forecast information, summary, credit risk, politics and economy (essential data only). Parts are for free: summary basic data, political structure,credit risk and a few more. Needs free registration.
o - The Europa Regional Surveys of the World -- Routledge, Europa Publications. Very detailed and complete country reports. Up to date. International.
Country information
human rights
o - Amnesty International's Library -- This website contains news; features; actions; video and audio; information about countries, campaigns and issues. Amnesty International also produces hundreds of reports, press releases, appeals for action and newsletters each year and these are available in the Library. Also contains a link to the latest Annual report of the world's human rights situation.
o - Human Rights Watch (HRW) -- News and country information on human rights worldwide and per country.
o - Reporters without borders (RSF) -- Country reports on press freedom and press safety in countries around the world.
Country information
meta sites
o - Country Links -- By Jim Vileta, links to other sites with country information. Very extensive, about 10 to 20 links per country.
o - Country information / statistics -- Yale University Library. Extensive collection of sources on country information categorised by source or theme.
o - Encyclopedia of the Nations -- detailed information about 193 countries, the United Nations and associated agencies and World Leaders.
o - Index Mundi -- IndexMundi is a data portal that gathers facts and statistics from multiple sources and turns them into easy to use visuals. Source is mainly CIA WFB

edited 22sep17 AR
Mainly government information on the Internet, including world leaders. Also consider country information
Introduction: All the following are mostly in Dutch language only.
o - Officiele bekendmakingen -- All official parliamentary documentation from 1995-now: Staatsblad, Staatcourant, Handelingen, Tractatenblad, etc. Full text, searchable full text, by title, doc numbers, period, format and more. In Dutch. See Staten-Generaal digitaal for the period 1814-1995.
o - -- General portal giving access to all information from Dutch Government and official Dutch government institutions. In Dutch.
o - : de wegwijzer naar informatie en diensten van alle overheden -- ''Government organisations''. Dutch language addressbook listing government bodies, all government organisations, as well as counties, municipalities and semi government bodies. Very complete and up to date. Part of ''.
o - Parlement & Politiek -- University Leiden, Parliamentary Documentation Center. Information on dutch politics and players. Mainly devoted to the backgrouns of NL politics.
o - Staten-Generaal Digitaal -- ''Parlementaire documenten uit de periode 1814-1995''. Official Dutch parliamentary documentation from 1814-1995. Full text, searching by titlewords, full-text, doc numbers, dates. See Officiele bekendmakingen for the period 1995-now. In Dutch.
o - Wet- en regelgeving -- In Dutch. Access to Dutch laws, treaties, policy papers, decisions, regulations etc. Full-text. Including counties and city councels.
edited 22jun12 AR
Introduction: Access to common laws and regulations regarding the European Union.
o - EUR-Lex -- Access to European Union Law, covering agreements, directives, regulations and decisions. With links to the EU budget, parliamentary questions, etc.
o - European Commission Library and E-resources -- Online library catalogue, full access. Also to full text online available documents
o - European Council - Council of the European Union --
o - European Union -- Official website of the European Union
o - Official documents -- Links to Offical Journal, European Parliament, European Council, Council of the European Union, European Commission, European External Action Service, and all other main EU institutions.
United States of America
o - GOA Government Accountability Office --
o - -- Successor to Very large single entry site to USA government.
world leaders
edited 23jan2014 gn
o - Heads of state, heads of government, and ministers for foreign affairs -- UN Protocol and Liaison service. Ordered by country, lists the head of state, head of government and minister of foreign affairs. Regularly updated.
o - Rulers -- "...contains lists of heads of state and heads of government (and, in certain cases, de facto leaders not occupying either of those formal positions) of all countries and territories, going back to about 1700 in most cases. Also included are the subdivisions of various countries [...], as well as a selection of international organizations. Recent foreign ministers of all countries are listed separately.". Also religious leaders, international organizations, and biographies with pictures.
o - World Leaders -- Successor to Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members of Foreign Governments. CIA, U.S. Lists the names and functions of cabinets and other important government members of all countries in the world. Including representatives to the UN, ambassadors to the USA and the heads of central banks.
o - World political leaders -- Roberto Ortiz de Zarate. International listings, all countries, of leaders from 1945 up. Lists former political parties, current political parties, royalty, prime ministers with dates and political party, some ministers and chairmen of chambers, chairman of parties.
o - WorldLeaderTwitterDirectory -- Detailed directory of world leaders from (inter)national governments and international organisations on Twitter. Mentioning twitter accounts, names, organisations, websites and more. Excellent work.
edited 22oct17 AR
o - Embassy world -- Listing of the world countries and per country its worldwide embassies.
o - Governments on the WWW -- Last change 2002. Comprehensive database of governmental institutions on the World Wide Web: parliaments, ministries, offices, law courts, embassies, city councils, public broadcasting corporations, central banks, multi-governmental institutions etc. Includes also political parties. Online since June 1995. Contains more than 17000 entries from more than 220 countries and territories as of June 2002
o - Political resources on the net -- Political resources per country: parties, governments, elections, history, and much more. With references to many (inter) national political websites.
o - Worldwide Embassy Database --
o - Foreign governments on the Web -- Not there anymore.
o - International documents --

edited 22mar10 AR
See: Shipping.

internet research news
edited 20jan13 AR
Some sources that me be useful to keep track of Internet sources, search tactics, search tools, important developments on the Internet for searchers, and the like.
internet research news
o - D-Lib magazine -- Bimonthly, for techies, focus on digital library research and development, including but not limited to new technologies, applications, and contextual social and economic issues. The magazine is currently published six times a year. Free, RSS service.
o - Information Today -- On news and long term trends in the information industry, monthly, fee-based. A few articles per issue are for free.
o - Logical Tips computing Ezine -- Susan Daffron. Tips for using commonly known hardware, software and services such as email.
o - Online : Exploring Technology & Resources for Information Professionals -- "...for information professionals and provides articles, product reviews, case studies, evaluation, and informed opinion about selecting, using, and managing electronic information products, plus industry and professional information about online database systems, CD-ROM, and the Internet". Fee based, some articles per issue are for free.
o - Search Engine Guide -- "The small business guide to search marketing". Free, RSS and subscription service.
o - Search Engine Showdown Blog -- Greg Notess. Infrequently updated, but very important.
o - Searcher : the Magazine for Database Professionals -- "...explores and deliberates on a comprehensive range of issues important to the professional database searcher. The magazine is targeted to experienced, knowledgeable searchers and combines evaluations of data content with discussions of delivery media. Searcher includes evaluated online news, searching tips and techniques, reviews of search aid software and database documentation, revealing interviews with leaders and entrepreneurs of the industry, and trenchant editorials."
o - Tales from the Terminal Room -- Karen Blakeman. " newsletter for anyone who uses electronic media, and particularly the Internet, for locating information. Content includes reviews and comparisons of information sources; updates on business information resources; dealing with technical and access problems; and news of RBA’s training courses and publications". Free, subscription and RSS service.
o - The COOK report on Internet protocol -- ''Technology, economics and policy. A practical navigator for the Internet economy.'' Bimonthly, fee-based. Some articles for free.
internet research news
o - Bibliotech -- In Dutch, aimed at the University library Utrecht.
o - Cops in cyberspace Blog -- "...over politie en opsporing en internet". By Rene Leijen, Dutch Police Academy. In Dutch, great collection of security related news, security incidents, Internet crime and the like. Free subscription and RSS services.
o - Google Inside Search blog -- The official Google search blog.
o - Google Operating System -- ''Unofficial news and tips about Google''. Sometimes published undocumented features about Google search.
o - -- In Dutch. About hoax messages and the impact of them.
o - Internet News -- "Articles and news about web searching and internet use, includes search tools, online news, email, current awareness tools, and general use". RSS service.Free. Part of the Web Search Guide. Canadian.
o - John Battelle's Blog -- Free, with RSS and subscription service.
o - Karen Blakeman's Blog -- Slightly more up to date then the TFTTR.
o - Librarian of Fortune -- Mary Ellen Bates
o - Peter Scott's Library Blog --
o - Phil Bradley's Blog --
o - ResearchBuzz -- Tara Calishain. "News about search engines, databases, and other information collections". Free, subscription and RSS services.
o - Search Engine Roundtable -- Discusses changes in the major search engines from a SEO perspective. Have a section on Google pagerank and algortihm changes.
o - SearchReSearch -- ''A blog about search, search skills, teaching search, learning how to search, learning how to use Google effectively, learning how to do research. It also covers a good deal of sensemaking and information foraging.''. By Daniel Russell.
o - The Official Google Blog -- Free, with RSS and subscription service.
o - WebProNews -- Journal on web search engines developments and trends.
internet research news
o - Internet Resources Newsletter --
o - Netsurfer Digest --
o - ResourceShelf (Gary Price) --
o - Scout Report --
o - Track guide --
internet research news
o - Websearch -- Wendy Boswell
o - CyberSkeptic's guide to Internet Research --
o - Greg Notess --
o - Phil Bradley's website -- On Internet search and web design.
o - Ran Hock --
o - Search Engine Land -- Danny Sullivan. News about search and WWW, with a strong focus on business and SEO.
o - Search Engine Watch (Chris Sherman) --
o - -- In Dutch.
o - Voelspriet -- Henk van Ess. Dutch language, fee based.
o - Web Search Guide -- "...The Web Search Guide is about web searching, web strategies and tools from a Canadian perspective."
o - WebWereld -- In Dutch.

internet tools
edited 03jan19 ar

internet tools
Internet archiver
o - The Internet Archive -- The Internet Archive is a 501(c)(3) non-profit that was founded to build an Internet library. The Internet Archive contains: texts, audio, moving images, and software as well as archived web pages in our collections and provides specialised services for adaptive reading and information access for the blind and other persons with disabilities.
internet tools
Domain research
Introduction: To find out who owns a particular domain name, or website. Often more convenient to first go to IANA, then any of the regional internet registries. Please note: 'whois' is used to find data to a DNS name. 'Lookup' is used to find data to an IP address.
o - DomainCrawler -- Swedish. Started in 2006. Offers domain information including ccTLDs, focussing on SEO. Version 2.0 offers new functionality, such as thumbnails, backlink checks, pagerank history and the ability to monitor a domain for change.
o - -- Searches generic toplevel domains as well as some CC-TLDs.
o - DomainTools -- Favourite. The whois service is for free, the remainder is fee-based.
o - ICANN Whois -- WHOIS database and lookup of ICANN. gTLD's only. Also explanations on the history and technical side of Whois. Glossary.
o - InterNIC -- Whois service. Domain, Registrar and Nameserver.
o - TransIP WHOIS lookup -- Leiden, The Netherlands.
o - Who.IS -- WHOIS Search, Domain Name, Website, and IP Tools
o - -- Limited search for a selection of ccTLD's and a few gTLD's.
o - WhoisRequest -- Whois lookup, Reverse IP, Reverse NS and Domain History.
internet tools
o - Visual traceroute -- Part of DNS tools. Plots the route and final destination on a map.
internet tools
Network analyses
edited 10nov13 ar
Introduction: Tools to assist in network analyses, suites that offer multiple tools for whois, lookup, hop, reverse IP, IP, dig, ping, reverse dns etc.
o - -- ''Advanced online Internet utilities''. Offers domain dossiers and checks, email dossier, ping, traceroute, nslookup, autowhois, tcpqueries and more.
o - DNS Stuff -- 4 areas: Domain tools, Network tools, Email tools and IP tools.
o - Da Whois -- Site Info, Who Is, Traceroute, RBL Check, Whoat"s my IP
o - IP-Adress -- Does IP tracing, e-mail trace (by analysing the email headers), IP Whois, Reverse IP, Speedtest, external IP and system.
o - IPinfo Security Portal -- IP address, IP location and many more tools.
o - ISC Internet Domain Survey -- "The Domain Survey attempts to discover every host on the Internet by doing a complete search of the Domain Name System."
o - Network tools -- Overview of online web based network utilities.
o - Network tools (Pinelands) -- Very good. Offers Ping, Traceroute, Whois, Lookup and many more.
o - RobTex Swiss Army Knife Internet Tool -- DNS checks, WHOIS, and network analysis. Also graphical display of networks and relations.
o - TCPUTILS -- "The ultimate online investigation tool". Tracerout, whois, reverse IP, Geo lookup, ping, MAC lookup, DNS loookup, and more
o - ViewDNS -- Collection of tools, ranging from Reverse IP over Traceroute to MAC Address Lookup.
o - WebTic DNS scan -- Performs a reverse DNS scan on a given domain name or IP addres, returning a list of IP addresses and domain names of the entire C-class. In Dutch.
internet tools
Geographic IP/DNS tools
Introduction: Return a map with the geographic location of an IP addres.
o - Free IP Address & Geolocation Lookup Tool --
o - Geo IP Tool -- Returns physical address information and a geogaphical map of the location of a domain name or IP address
o - Infosniper -- Returns geo location on a map of a IP address. Also provider, hostname, tomezone state, latitude and longitude.
o - RIPE Geoloc widget -- Returns a map with an indication of the geolocation of the IP address.
internet tools
Domain by IP
Introduction: Which websites are hosted on the same IP address? Reverse IP domain checking tools.
o - Reverse IP domain check -- Get a list of websites hosted on the same web server; port checker; find your external IP address; visual traceroute; Whois. Mostly referring to other, irrelevant (US only), commercial site such as Spokeo
internet tools
Internet traffic
o - Internet Traffic Report -- "...The Internet Traffic Report monitors the flow of data around the world. It then displays a value between zero and 100. Higher values indicate faster and more reliable connections."
o - Netblocks : mapping Internet freedom in real time -- Publishes reports on partial or full Internet shutdowns worldwide.

internet organisation
o - Internet Society (ISOC) -- Home of the IETF and others. ISOC is the organisation that controls it all.
internet organisation
global internet registry
o - IANA -- "The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) has authority over all number spaces used in the Internet, including IP address space. IANA allocates public Internet address space to Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) according to their established needs." IANA IPv4 Address Space Registry
o - ICANN -- Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. "ICANN is responsible for the global coordination of the Internet's system of unique identifiers. These include domain names (like .org, .museum and country codes like .UK), as well as the addresses used in a variety of Internet protocols. ICANN was supposed to replace IANA.
internet organisation
regional internet registries
Introduction: There are five RIR's worldwide, all serving the same purpose. Most RIR's have the same goal: "...provides Internet resource allocations, registration services and co-ordination activities that support the operation of the Internet globally.". In general, look for a link 'Database' for the WHOIS services. Search for Reports or Statistics to get the allocation tables.
o - APNIC -- Asia Pacific Network Information Centre. See the allocation listing.
o - ARIN -- American Registry for Internet Numbers. Covers Canada, Caribbean and North Atlantic islands, and the United States
o - AfriNIC -- Africa Network Information Centre. See resources list for distribution.
o - LACNIC --
o - RIPE NCC -- Reseaux IP Europeens Network Coordination Centre. Serves Europe, the Middle East and parts of Asia, see the Service Region. See allocation table for allocations of addresses to countries. Operates the
internet organisation
Domain name system
Introduction: The explanations by Karrenberg are excellent, aimed at the beginner, non-technician.
o - DNS Root Name Servers Explained For Non-Experts -- by Daniel Karrenberg, ISOC, 2007
o - DNS Root Name Servers Frequently Asked Questions -- by Daniel Karrenberg, ISOC, 2008
o - Full list of ccTLD and gTLD --
o - Overview generic top level domains -- ICANN
o - The Internet Domain Name System Explained for Non-Experts -- by Daniel Karrenberg, ISOC, 2004

edited 20jun11 AR
Some useful image search sites, as well as two reverse image search engines.
top choices
o - Google images -- Most usefull source.
Introduction: The (currently) main single search engines all have image search, with almost spectecular differences in search results.
o - Bing images --
o - Flickr -- Yahoo. Photographs only. Geotagging, blogging, personal pages. Very large.
o - Instagram -- Owned by Facebook. Mobile version only.
o - Picasa Web Album -- Google. Photo sharing, making albums. Also free client Picasa 3 for downloading to organize your own photo's..
o - Picsearch -- 3 Bn pictures
o - Tiltomo -- "...uses proprietary algorithms (mathematical calculations) to analyze the similarity and relationship between images.". Experimental. Based on Flickr. Also see TinEye
o - Yahoo images --
Search engines
o - Google Images -- Reverse image search. Drag a picture in the search bar to start a search. Does not lead to any useful results though. Yet.
o - TinEye reverse image search -- ''TinEye is a reverse image search engine. You can submit an image to TinEye to find out where it came from, how it is being used, if modified versions of the image exist, or to find higher resolution versions. TinEye [uses] image identification technology rather than keywords, metadata or watermarks.'' Also see Tiltomo
Meta search engines
o - BestPicturesOf -- Produced by Webcellence (Jerusalem, Israel). Uses Bing, Google and Flickr to search for images, photos, illustrations and caricatures. This site is equivalent to Zuula picture search.
o - How to find images on the Internet -- Directory of links to image search sites, also maps. Covering general purposes sites, press, museums, commercial sources, art, science, medical images, etc.
o - Ditto --

journal articles

edited 2apr09 ar
Free and fee-based journals.
o - African Journals Online (AJOL) -- "...over 340 peer-reviewed journals from 25 African countries. These journals cover the full range of academic disciplines with strong sections on health, education, agriculture, science and technology, the environment, and arts and culture.
o - Directory of Open Access Journals -- "...covers free, full text, quality controlled scientific and scholarly journals". About 4100 journals and 270000 articles. Good subject tree. Search articles or journals, on subject, title or author.
o - Dutch list --
o - Electronic Journal Title Index --
o - Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek -- " ein kooperativer Service von 503 Bibliotheken mit dem Ziel, ihren Nutzern einen einfachen und komfortablen Zugang zu elektronisch erscheinenden wissenschaftlichen Zeitschriften zu bieten. Aufgenommen werden alle Zeitschriften, die Artikel im Volltext anbieten."
o - HighWire Press -- Stanford University. 71 of the 200 most-frequently-cited journals publishing in science. [...] full-text life science articles in the world, with 1,892,462 articles available without subscription. Also fee based articles. Good search possibilities, alerts, Good for international relations.
o - John Labovitz list --
o - LivRe! -- Brazil. Portal to free access journals on the Internet, about 3600 journals. Mainly beta sciences.
o - Newslink --
o - Open J-Gate -- "...indexes articles from 4547 academic, research and industry journals.[...] 2580 of them are peer-reviewed scholarly journals.". Links to 1m articles, growth about 300k per year
meta sites
o - Magazines for Libraries -- LaGuardia, Cheryl, ed., with Bill and Linda Sternberg Katz. 17th ed. New York: Bowker, 2003.
"...An annotated listing by subject of over 6,000 periodicals. Each entry gives name of periodical, beginning publication date, publisher, editor, address, price and such information as indexing, size, and level of audience. Short abstracts describe the scope, political slant, and other aspects of the publication. Arrangement is topical, bringing magazines and journals on like subjects together. To find an individual title, use the title index at the end of the volume."

o - Ethnologue -- International. Describes for each country in the world the languages spoken.

Law enforcement
edited 11oct2012 AR
Law enforcement
international organisations
o - Eulex --
o - Europol --
o - Interpol --
Law enforcement
national organisations
o - Drug Enforcement Agency DEA --
o - Federal Bureau of Investigation FBI --
Law enforcement
o - Eulex --
o - Law Library of Congress Serbia --
o - OSCE Mission to Serbia : law enforcement --
o - World Legal Information Institute -- Catalog and search facilities for over 500 databases from 55 countries including case-law, legislation, treaties, law reform reports, law journals, and other materials
Law enforcement
o - Police magazine --
Law enforcement
o - Alarmeringen P2000 -- Real-time notices for police, amnbulance and firebrigade. Per county and city.
o - P2000 meldingen -- Real-time notices plus date and time, service and descriptons.
o - Politiebronnen -- Rechercheren in open bronnen. In Dutch.
o - -- Notices for/by police with service, date/time, region, target and message. With urgency annotation.
Law enforcement
o - --
o - CopSeek -- Police and Law Enforcement search engine and directory
o - Crime spider -- " crime and law enforcement sites and categorized topics. ... on criminalistics, forensic anthropology, FBI, unsolved murders, homicide investigation techniques, child abuse, domestic violence, the death penalty, terrorism, criminal justice, law and courts, behavioral profiling, gang violence, juvenile crime, missing persons, serial killers or mass murderers, criminals, police, crime scene photos, ..."
o - Directory of agencies -- links to law enforcement agency websites international, covering the USA and all other countries (see International Agencies).
o - -- Facts encyclopedia Crime and law enforcement.

edited 25apr17 AR
General and special purpose maps. Also consider country information categories, as well as transport.
Top choices
o - CIA Maps -- Three types of maps for most countries: Administrative maps contain information about national boundaries, capitals and administrative divisions. Physiographic maps identify bodies of water, deserts, mountains, historic sites, archaeological sites, elevation points and plains Transportation maps show international boundaries, expressways, roads, railroads, canals and major airports.
o - Perry Castaneda library map colection -- Large, regularly updated, many simple country and city maps, sometimes surprisingly detailed. Maps of current interest on top, with references to maps on other sites. Very useful.
o - ReliefWeb maps and updates -- Great map service, often very detailed and up to date maps of crises areas.
o - United Nations Cartographic Section -- Offers General Maps by region or country. You can also choose to view UN Mission Maps. Maps are in PDF.
o - United Nations Map Library -- The Map Collection houses over 80,000 maps, some 3,000 atlases, gazetteers, travel guides, reference works and digital products.
The Netherlands
o - Bing map NL -- Aerial view and birs eye view.
o - Funda -- Broker of rental and purchase houses. For each house maps, pictures, and 3D impressions.
o - Google map NL -- With streetview, satellite view. Fairly detailed satellite images.
o - Kadaster PDOK -- Kadaster 'Publieke Dienstverlening op de Kaart', in Dutch, maps and geodatasets of The Netherlands, downloadable, free.
World time zones
o - Standard time zones of the world -- World map wit indications of time zones in UTC.
o - Time Zone Abbreviations – Worldwide List -- Alphabetical listing of the world time zone abbreviations with full name, location and UTC offset.
General purpose
o - EastView GeoSpatial -- Topographic maps, geological maps, nautical maps, imagery. International, global coverage. All infor originating from the former USSR. Very large. Fee based
o - MapQuest -- Does not hold as many features as Google Maps. Offers nevertheless a nice alternative. Check the new feature "Travel Blogs".
o - -- Commercial provider of mapping products
o - OpenStreetMap -- ''OpenStreetMap is a free editable map of the whole world. OpenStreetMap allows you to view, edit and use geographical data in a collaborative way from anywhere on Earth. ''
o - Travel Journals --
o - WikiMapia -- Which is as suggested a combination between a Wiki and satellite imagery. With some moderator functionality and links to unblurred maps.
o - World Map Collections -- "...are a cooperative project of several public and private universities of Florida and the Florida Department of Environmental Protection to make digitized modern and antique maps available on the Web. The Florida and Caribbean collections are particularly strong, but Africa, the Americas, and the Middle East are also represented."
edited 25apr13 gn
Introduction: Combinations of (mostly) maps and some other data combined into 'new' information.
o - Directory of Mashups -- Coldbeans. Mainly Twitter mashups.
o - Mapmakerpedia -- Google Wiki site about crowdsourced maps.
o - Mashups Directory -- Listing of the latest mashups
o - The World's News on Google Maps -- Nice example of a useful mashup
o - Twitter trends -- Plotting trending topics on Google maps.
Introduction: Consider travel shops, outdoor shops, that typically have a book shop as well with excellent map departments.
o - Geografische boekhandel Jacob van Wijngaarden --
Historical maps
o - David Rumsey Map Collection -- The historical map collection has over 30,000 maps and images online. The collection focuses on rare 18th and 19th century North American and South American maps and other cartographic materials. Historic maps of the World, Europe, Asia, and Africa are also represented.
o - Index Mundi -- Historical maps only, fairly limited in scope.
o - Old Maps Online -- This portal provides access to a collection of historical maps in libraries around the world. Choose an area of your interest and narrow by date.
o - Bing maps -- Not as detailed as Google's, but has a very useful birdseye view.
o - Google maps -- With route planner.
route planners
o - ANWB routeplanner Europa -- Very good planner, covering Europe, with route and maps. The route has references to the map. The layout is easier to use then the one of RouteNET.
o - RAC Route planner -- Covering Europe,
o - RouteNET -- Beautiful planner, with good maps and very detailed descriptions. Excellent. The route has references to the map. Covers Europe. In Dutch.
o - ViaMichelin -- Covering Europe, with pictures of the signposts to follow.
o - the AA .com -- Covers the UK, Ireland and Europe, but you can't get from Europe to the UK or vv.
o - MapBlast! -- Now redirects to Bing Maps
o - Roelf Oddens Maps -- No longer available.

edited 17oct10 AR
Health information related to individual trauma, country health information as well as disaster relief and early response.
o - Country health profiles -- For Africa
o - Landelijk Coordinatiecentrum Reizigersadvies LCR -- In Dutch. O.a. Landenlijst en nieuws met informatie over vaccinaties en antimalaria aanbevelingen
o - Mednar -- Deep Web Technologies. Federated, deep web search engine that returns results in real time from multiple sources. Also see the description with Biznar.
o - ReliefWeb -- NGO aggregator. Must use. "...the world’s leading on-line gateway to information (documents and maps) on humanitarian emergencies and disasters. An independent vehicle of information, designed specifically to assist the international humanitarian community in effective delivery of emergency assistance, it provides timely, reliable and relevant information as events unfold, while emphasizing the coverage of "forgotten emergencies" at the same time. ReliefWeb was launched in October 1996 and is administered by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)."
o - Yahoo Travel Health and Medicine -- Yahoo directory
o - EMM MedISys -- Aggregator for medical news, from the European Media Monitor.
o - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention --
o - World Health Organization -- United Nations. "...responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends."
Disaster alert
o - Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System -- "...provides near real-time alerts about natural disasters around the world and tools to facilitate response coordination, including media monitoring, map catalogues and Virtual On-Site Operations Coordination Centre."
o - Global Disaster Map RSOE EDIS -- Worldwide alert map, by the Emergency and Disaster Information Service (EDIS), Budapest, Hungary.
o - Global disaster watch -- Monitoring natural disasters: climate change, cyclones, drought, earthquakes, flooding, freak waves, hurricanes, landslides, meteor strikes, mystery booms/skyquakes, pandemics, record-breaking disasters, solar flares, space weather, tropical storms, tsunamis, volcanoes, unusual animal behavior, weather extremes, wildfires; disaster archives from 1998-present.
o - National Center for Medical Intelligence (NCMI) -- Formerly 'Armed Forces Medical Intelligence Center (AFMIC)', based in Fort Detrick (MD). Now only available via Intelink-U, which is for .gov or .mil domains only. Others need an account.
Bibliographic databases
o - Medline -- US National Library of medicine. Made up of Index Medicus, Index to Dental Literature. Free. PubMed is basically Medline with a little extra.
o - MedlinePlus --
o - PubMed -- US National Library of medicine. The "free" and very usefull version of Medline. Free. The advanced version of the database offers most options.
Fee-based databases
o - EmBase -- Elsevier. Exerpta Medica. 18 million biomedical bibliographic records from 1974 to present, with 500.000 additions per annum. Competitor to Medline.

Clever use of a search engine enable finding music quickly and easy. Try intitle:"index of" /mp3 OR /wma songtitle to find lists of songs from your favourite composer.
Introduction: For downloading or streaming music.
o - Clickster -- is a MP3 search engine client looking for music in websites.
o - LastSharp -- SoftTonic. Little tool that will download music in the background from The latter one will stream music on genre or category, LastSharp will then store the music. Alternative for LastSharp is No23 recorder.

edited 1sep17 AR
Top choices
o - Agence France Presse -- Most prestigious wire agency, but one.
o - BBC --
o - Reuters -- Most prestigious wire agency in the world.
o - Agence France Presse -- Most prestigious wire agency, but one.
o - The Press Trust of India -- National press agency of India.
Introduction: The general press wire service of The NL is ANP, which is fee-based.
o - NOS --
o - RNW International -- Radio Netherlands International. World service.
o - Teletekst --
Middle East
o - Al-Jazeerah --
PR China
o - XINHUA --
o - Interfax -- InterFax international information group. Covers Russia, China and Eurasia. Offers about 100 information services in weekly and daily intelligence reports. Fee-based.
United Kingdom
o - BBC --
o - Reuters -- Most prestigious wire agency in the world.
o - Reuters Today --
United States
o - AP -- Via TBO. Top International news.
o - Bloomberg News -- Business news service. Markets and developments. Large, reliable. Also many commercial options for local solutions: desktop research, news integration, trend analysis etc.
o - CNN -- Owned by Warner Bross, famous for comedy productions.
o - RFE/RL --
o - 1stHeadlines --
o - AlertNet -- Reuters Foundation.
o - Google --
o - IRIN -- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Humanitarian news and analysis
o - MSN/NBC --
o - News -- Indexes thousands of news sites on the Internet. Focusses on news content, and updates live every few minutes. Also has sophisticated filtering technology which uses a combination of keywords and meta data to filter links to articles into hundreds of newsfeed topics.
o - Yahoo! News -- world news
o - topix -- "...links news from 50,000 sources to 360,000 lively user-generated forums. Topix also works with the nation's major media companies to grow and engage their online audiences through forums, classifieds, publishing platforms and RSS feeds."
o - Europe Media Monitor (EMM) -- News aggregator en clustering service, developed by the Joint Research Center. Offers a EMM NewsBrief with all the news clustered by frequency, themes, and a timeline, and a EMM NewsExplorer offering the news for all official languages, clustered, with reference to countries and people. Use EMM MedISys for medical news analyses. Free.
o - Silobreaker -- Silobreaker Ltd, London UK/Stockholm. Internet news crawler and aggregator with many tools and functionalities to help analyse developments: keywords, authority files, meta data, frequency tables of events, persons, network analysis, biographies. Personalisation of pages, and much more. Fee based, consider using EMM. Very good and easy to use. Originally by Infosphere, Sweden.
o - 10x10 -- Useless, but fun, and a great idea. "10x10™ ('ten by ten') is an interactive exploration of the words and pictures that define the time. The result is an often moving, sometimes shocking, occasionally frivolous, but always fitting snapshot of our world. Every hour, 10x10 collects the 100 words and pictures that matter most on a global scale, and presents them as a single image, taken to encapsulate that moment in time."

edited 12jan19 AR
top choices
o - Frankfurter Allgemeine --
o - Guardian --
o - Washington Post --
edited 07jan19 AR
Introduction: The best Belgian newspapers, with a few aggregators and a link to Belgian magazines.
o - De Standaard -- Quality Dutch Language Belgian newspaper
o - De Tijd -- Mainly Financial news. Dutch language.
o - Grenz Echo -- Quality German language Belgian Newspaper
o - Guide Presse -- French directory that lists French newspapers and magazines.
o - -- Belgian Headlines Aggregation site. Hyperlinked articles from 15 Belgian Newspapers (12 NL, 3 FR). Also includes foreign (non-Belgian) newspapers.
o - Le Soir -- Quality French language Belgian newspaper
o - MO* -- Belgian magazines. MO* focuses on third world countries. Available in 4 languages: Dutch, Spanish, English and French.
o - Le Figaro --
o - Le Monde --
o - Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung --
o - Suddeutsche Zeitung --
Introduction: Also see The Press in Italy (BBC) for a critical overview of the Italian news.
o - Corriere della Sera --
o - La Repubblica --
o - La Stampa --
edited 7may19 AR
o - Algemeen Dagblad --
o - Hoofdnieuws -- In Dutch. Main news headlines of several Dutch newspapers and wires, each in its own frame. Categorized in tabs. With filtering. Based on Rnews RSS Atom feed aggregator.
o - NRC Handelsblad --
o - Telegraaf --
o - Volkskrant --
Introduction: Also see The press in Russia (BBC) for a critical review of the Russian press.
o - Izvestia --
o - Kommersant --
o - Komsomolskaya Pravda -- russia.
o - El Pais --
o - Neue Zurcher Zeitung -- ch.
United Kingdom
o - Financial Times --
o - Guardian --
o - The Independent --
o - The Times --
United States
edited 13may19 ar
o - Christian Science Monitor --
o - International New York Times -- Formerly the International Herald Tribune. Changed October 2013.
o - New York Times --
o - Washington Post --
o - Washington Times --
Meta search engine
Search engines
edited 3okt19 AR
Introduction: Coverage of the below search engines / directories differs greatly. Use about three to get a decent balance.
o - ABYZ News Links -- Newspapers and newsmedia guide. International.
o - Foreign newspapers online --
o - NewsCentral -- Just 3500 newspapers, international, organised by continent and country.
o - International news media directory -- Newspaper directory for USA and international. Also tabloids, US magazines, US radio and live Internet TV channels.
o - Newslink newspapers -- International, arranged by region or state. Also by category. Newspapers, magazines, radio/tv and resources. Coverage is less than Wombat, but reasonable.
o - Online newspaper directory for the world -- Web Wombat Pty, Australia. International in scope, covers thousands digital newspapers as well as magazines. Browsing by country, region. Coverage looks good.
o - -- English language newspapers and radio stations only. Arranged by continent and country.

NGO directories
edited 02jun17 ar
o - ICVA -- International Council of Voluntary Agencies. ICVA is a global network of non-governmental organisations.
o - -- Idealist aims at connecting people and organisations with a keen interest in voluntary work. Search for jobs, events, etc.
o - UN DPI NGO dir -- UN Department of Public Information for NGO
o - WANGO -- The World Association of Non-Governmental Organizations (WANGO) is an international organization uniting NGOs worldwide.
o - Worldwide NGO Directory -- Provided by WANGO. Browse by region (to see a list of NGOs working in that region) or Search using keywords, mission, area of focus, country, region, (down to adress level)

think tanks
edited 6jan11 AR
Most of these also publish full text reports on all kinds of subjects in the field of international relations. The 'R' links to full text reports, the 'J' links to journals/newsletters.
think tanks
top choices
o - International Crisis Group -- International, main office in Brussels, BL. Excellent reports, full text. Monthly Crisis Watch. R
o - International Security Network -- Must read. Very good selection of reports and essays, a fact database (FIRST) , links to other think tanks and lists of abbreviations / acronyms. R
think tanks
o - International Atomic Energy Agency -- R.
o - International Strategic Studies Association (ASSA) -- Washington DC. Publishes the Defense & Foreign Affairs Handbook.
think tanks
International relations / peace
o - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs --
o - Center for Contemporary Conflict -- US Navy. R, Strategic Insights.
o - Center for Defence and International Security Studies --
o - Center for Defense Information --
o - Center for Nonproliferation Studies -- Part of MIIS, Monterey CA, USA. J, P
o - Center for Peace and Security Studies --
o - Center for Strategic and International Studies -- (US, Washington). R, J
o - Council on Foreign Relations --
o - Council on Foreign Relations --
o - Instituut Clingendael -- Based in The Hague, The Netherlands. In Dutch. J, R, R.
o - International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) -- Excellent source of top quality reports. Based in London UK, published ao Military Balance, Strategic Survey, Survival, Armed Conflict Database. Publications available through Taylor & Francis.
o - John M. Olin Institute for Strategic Studies --
o - Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) --
think tanks
o - Amnesty International -- R,
o - Berliner Zentrum fur Internationale Friedenseinsatze --
o - CATO Institute --
o - Congressional Research Service --
o - DEMOS --
o - Energy Information Agency --
o - European Union --
o - GTZ Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit -- GTZ supports the German Government in achieving its development-policy objectives for political, economic, ecological and social development in a globalised world.
o - Human Rights Watch --
o - ICRC --
o - IMF --
o - IWPR --
o - InterPol --
o - Interkerkelijk Vredesberaad --
o - NATO --
o - National Intelligence Council --
o - Nederlands Instituut voor Oorlogsdocumentatie --
o - OHR --
o - OSCE --
o - Peace and Conflict --
o - ReliefWeb --
o - Silk Road Studies Program --
o - The Brookings Institution --
o - Transnational Institute -- TNI is an international network of activist-scholars committed to critical analyses of the global problems of today and tomorrow.
o - USAid --
o - United Nations --
o - United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime -- UNODC is a global leader in the fight against illicit drugs and international crime. Important publication: World Drug Report. R
o - United Nations UNHCR --
o - WEU --
o - Weatherhead Center for International Affairs (Harvard Univ.) --
o - World Bank --
o - World Trade Organisation --
think tanks
o - Electronic Privacy Information Centre (EPIC) -- ''EPIC is a public interest research center in Washington, D.C. It was established in 1994 to focus public attention on emerging civil liberties issues and to protect privacy, the First Amendment, and constitutional values. EPIC publishes [...] the EPIC Alert [cut] reports and even books about privacy, open government, free speech, and other important topics related to civil liberties.''
think tanks
o - COOP --
o - Ken Davies list --
o - Marburg Universitaet --
o - Yahoo listing --

edited 26jul09 AR
Some links to sites that do ''OSINT'', whatever is meant by that. Mainly crap.
o - Bangladesh Open Source Intelligence Monitors -- Blog, hosted by
o - Internet Haganah -- Daily news regarding Israeli affairs, project of ''The Society for Internet Research'' (SoFIR, focused on combating global jihad).
o - O P E N S O U R C E I N T E L L I G E N C E -- Daily news regarding Israeli affairs.
o - OSINT Global --
o - OSINT web page -- About OSINT, with many links to OSINT relevant sites.
o - The OSINT Journal --

edited 13dec10 AR
Patents are basically for free, but searching for them can be difficult. For more advanced searching functionalities, a commercial provider is advised like Dialog and its World Patent Index.
Introduction: A few general purpose sites for finding Patents
o - Delphion Intellectual Property Network --
o - Google Patents -- Googles patent database.
Introduction: A couple of tools are indispensible when doing patent research, such as a list of country codes and the IPC.
o - Country codes -- Two letter country code table according to WIPO.
o - National patent databases -- Extensive list of national patent databases.
o - The International Patent Classification (IPC) -- The IPC is the main search tool for most patent databases.
Introduction: Sources for finding international patents.
o - European Patent Office (EPO) --
o - Patent service providers --
o - World Intellectual Property Organization -- Also with links to all the member countries and their patent offices. Free access to all international patent applications through PatentScope
o - Octrooicentrum Nederland -- Official Dutch patent office.
United States
o - US Patent and Trademark Office --

edited 05mar2013 GN
o - ElectionWorld -- Everything about Global Politics
o - Political resources on the net --
o - DMOZ Governments -- Directory of Governmental websites.
o - Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) -- The IPU is the international organisation of Parliaments, established in 1889.
o - PARLINE Database of National Parliaments -- PARLINE is the IPU's database on national parliaments. The PARLINE database contains information on the structure and working methods of 266 parliamentary chambers in all of the 190 countries where a national legislature exists. Does not contain information about regional governments.
o - Election Resources on the Internet -- This site provides a collection of links about elections around the world. Data from some 21 countries and 4 autonomous regions is available for download in CSV format.
o - Elections and electoral systems around the world -- No longer exists as such. Has been replaced by Political Science Resources (see annotation just above). Site still viewable in the UK Web Archive
o - PARLINE Recent Elections Page -- Election reports include the background to the election and of course the election results. The results contain statistics on the distribution of votes and seats among political parties, as well as a breakdown of seats by sex and, when available, by the age and profession of members of parliament. A brief summary of the electoral system is also available for each parliamentary chamber. Historical archives of election results are available in PARLINE back to 1967. A full account of each year's parliamentary elections is published in the Chronicle of parliamentary elections, and an annual overview is found in the Panorama of parliamentary elections.
o - Political Science Resources -- Politics and Government mainly in the UK and the USA. The "successor" to Political Science Resources.
o - Political Transformation and the Electoral Process in Post-Communist Europe -- No longer updated since 2001! Still valuable for historical purposes.

Introduction: An avator may be needed to hide your real identity.
o - Fake Name Generator -- Generates a full avatar with names, addresses, dates, passwords, websites, age, employer, tracking numbers, etc. Very complete for immediate use.
o - Fake Name Generator -- Generates fake names and bio's of English, Danish, German, Spanish, Greek persons.
o - Fake person generator -- Generates fake names plus extensive bio.
o - Thispersondoesnotexist -- Pictures of people generated by AI. Good for use in an avatar.

Public transport
edited 22sep17 AR
Public transport
o - FlightAware -- Flight tracker, live, visualised. International.
o - Live air traffic -- Flight tracker, live, international, based on ADS-B transponders. Slow, sometimes unreliable, the news lags two months
o - --
Public transport
o - Actuele spoorkaart Nederland -- Train tracker for The Netherlands, in Dutch. Live tracking on map of trains, inluding delays. With links to such tracking map abroad.
Public transport
Marine vessels
o - Marinetraffic -- Live, clickable map, tracks AIS vessel with ship information, numbering, route, pictures, destination. Detailed information. Port information with expected arrival, departure times. Lists of moored vessels with shipdata and photographs..
o - Shipfinder -- Live, clickable map to track vessels returning routes, ship data. International.
Public transport
Bus, tram, train
o - OVZoeker -- Clickable, live map tracking bus, trams and trains in The Nehterlands. Returns informatie about the vehicle and the route with departure, arrival times etc.
o - Travic : transit visualization client -- University of Freiburg. Clickable, live tracking of public transport in The Netherlands: bus, trams, trains. International, but not exhaustive.

o - Radio 1 --
o - Radio 1 journaal --
o - Radio 2 --
o - Radio 3 --
o - BBC World Service --
o - Live radio on the internet --
o - PublicRadioFan -- International. Also covers PodCasts.
o - Radio locator -- Links to 10.000 radio station web pages and over 2.500 audio strams. International.
o - Radiostationworld : your global radio station directory --
o - Web Radio -- Formerly: Radio directory. BRS Media Inc. About 12.000 radio stations online.

edited 20may2015 GN
o - Feed.Informer -- RSS service that generates code (PHP, Flash, Javascript) to upload live feeds on one own's home page. Fully customizable, with AND and OR filtering of results.
o - Feedly -- Online RSS reader. Easy to use.
o - Feedreader -- Desktop-based or online RSS reader.
o - Snarfer -- Desktop-based RSS reader.
o - Yahoo Pipes -- An advanced RSS mixer with a graphical user interface; supports simple operators, filters, and many advanced functions
RSS Searchers
o - Instant RSS Search -- Instant RSS Search engine will help you discover RSS feeds on the web around your favorite topics.
o - RSS Micro -- Real-time search results on millions of RSS/Atom feeds
o - RSS Search Engines --
Social Networks RSS Generators
edited 20may2015 gn
o - -- Most Social Networks stopped supporting RSS since they prefer that you stay longer on their platform. The following list contains some work-around tools that allow you to set up RSS for Public Social Network pages.
o - Google+ User Feed -- Type in any Google+ username or ID number to get the RSS feeds.
o - Iconosquare -- Generate RSS feeds for keywords on Instagram. Replace "hashtag" at the end of the URL with your keyword of choice.
o - Queryfeed -- Generates RSS feeds for Twitter and Google+. Facebook is under construction.
o - Webstagram -- Generate RSS feeds for keywords on Instagram. Replace "Keyword" at the end of the URL with your keyword of choice.
o - --
o - NewsGator --
o - RSS Compendium -- Links to major RSS feeds search tools.

satellite imagery
edited 20apr14 AR
Most are commercial, providing images with watermarks for free.
o - EastView GeoSpatial -- Topographic maps, geological maps, nautical maps, imagery. International, global coverage. All infor originating from the former USSR. Very large. Fee based
o - FlashEarth -- Flash-based, zoomable map of the world using satellite and aerial imagery from several mapping websites
o - Google Earth -- Comes as a client, with two commercial variations.
o - MapMart -- MapMart offers a variety of high, medium and low resolution satellite imagery datasets for nearly every location on the earth.
o - SIC -- Satellite Imagery Corporation.
o - TerraServer --
o - WikiMapia -- Which is as suggested a combination between a Wiki and satellite imagery. With some moderator functionality and links to unblurred maps.
satellite imagery
o - GlobeXplorer -- Image site.
o - SpaceImagery --

edited 23sep13 AR
Listing guides to find global ports, local ports, vessel tracking etc.
Local ports
o - Port of Antwerp --
o - Port of Rotterdam --
Traffic tracking
o - -- Live vessel tracker. Global. Indicates postion and essential vessel informatin on a map. Categorized per vesseltype. Ports listings with arrival and departure times. Based in AIS data.
Ports directories
o - IndiaOneStop.Com -- Ports and Maritime Services of the world. International
o - PortFocus -- Ports Harbours Marinas worldwide. ''Looking for marine transportation links, maritime services, yacht and boat supplies, shipping cruise and sea freight links, bunkerfuels and bunkering, information about a port, harbour or marina? Choose sovereign country (also for islands and dependencies, eg island of St Maartens falls under the Netherlands) then select the port.''
o - -- Listing of about 3300 ports worldwide. Very short descriptions per port, but good to find out addresses of ports.
o - World Port Links -- Links to port authorities worldwide
o - Yahoo Port authorities -- Overview of directories
Maritime Security
edited 05jun14 GN
o - International Maritime Organization (IMO) -- IMO is the United Nations specialized agency with responsibility for the safety and security of shipping and the prevention of marine pollution by ships.
edited 05jun14 GN
o - IMB Piracy Reporting Centre -- The International Maritime Bureau's (IMB) free 24-hour service to the seafarer.
o - IMO Piracy Reports -- Monthly reports on Piracy incidents.
o - Live Piracy Map -- This map shows all the piracy and armed robbery incidents reported to the IMB Piracy Reporting Centre.
o - Piracy and Armed Robbery against ships -- From the International Maritime Organization (IMO). Contains the UN definition on Piracy, some measures for protection and links to laws, regulations, etc.

Social networks
edited 20may2015 ar
Some of the more general networks, although there are thousands of them. Also consider the special social networks devoted to sharing video (YouTube), music (Imeem) or photo's (flickr), as well as Usenet, Listserv's and forums. NEW 1jun2015: moved SocM search engines to 'social media search engines' under 'search engines.'
Social networks
top choices
o - Facebook -- Most popular one, more then 1.2 billion accounts. Popular info only, family affairs, groups, unions, hobby's and general interest.
o - LinkedIn -- Aimed at business users to find peers, competitors, jobs, opportunities, experts.
o - Twitter -- Mini blogging network, useful for monitoring trends, news. Real-time. With the search engine at Also try Twitter Trendsmap.
Social networks
o - World Map of Social Networks -- Published twice a year (June and December). Also offers the older maps so you can see the conquest of Facebook for world domination. See what other networks are used in the world. Lists the top 3 per country.
Social networks
edited 20may2015 ar
o - Foursquare -- checkin, checkout, check check.
o - Google Plus -- Google's challenger to Facebook. If you have a Google account, you automatically have a Google Plus profile. Hardly used anymore
o - MySpace -- People, Music, Videos and Radio. Searchable.
o - PasteBin -- " text for a certain period of time. [...] mainly used by programmers to store pieces of sources code or configuration information [...]. The idea behind the site is to make it more convenient for people to share large amounts of text online." Often used by international hacker groups to post press messages or hacked/leaked information.
o - Pinterest -- Pin interesting stuff on your wall. More and more being used to share articles and used as an RSS reader.
o - Plaxo -- Mainly an online addressbook that automatically syncs and updates your contact information.
o - Reddit -- Social News service. Users can post content in a link or by self written text. Other users then vote the post "up" or "down" to determine the ranking on the front page. Also searchable.
Social networks
o - WaarBenJij -- Eng.: Where Are You (now). For sharing online diaries made by people who are on the road, on travel, on holiday etc. Intended for travellers who wish to update the home front on there whereabouts. About 265.000 accounts, and 2.6 million travel stories.
Social networks
Dashboard, portals
o - Hootsuite -- Monitoring and managing multiple social media (Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Foursquare etc.), based on keywords. Also see Tweetdeck lookalikes.
o - Netvibes -- Create your own dashboard to monitor your topic of interest or search using keywords.
o - Tweetdeck -- Owned by Twitter, real-time updates for Twitter, Facebook. Also posting. Web-based only. Bought Seismic. Alternatives: Hootsuite, Monitter, Gremln.
Social networks
Posting and management tools
Introduction: Some tools to use multiple social networks more effectively, such as browser plugins or specialised SN browsers. WARNING: most free services demand access rights to your profiles that may be too much for you.
o - Klout -- Measures the influence of users on SN, calculating a 'Klout score'.
o - RockMelt SN browser -- Supports Facebook and Twitter. Requires a Facebook account to sign in.
o - The Tweeted Times -- Personalised, real-time newspaper based on your Twitter account. Searchable for other Tweeted newspapers.
o - Tweetdeck -- Owned by Twitter, real-time updates for Twitter, Facebook. Also posting. Web-based only. Bought Seismic. Alternatives: Hootsuite, Monitter, Gremln.
o - Twitterfall -- A waterfall-style of tweets. Add a search term and tweets start falling down. Each Search gets a different colour in the "waterfall" making it easy to follow. Hover over a tweet to pause the falling. Search options include: Lists, Search terms (with or without hashtags), Geolocation. You can also exclude terms, services and users from your search. Must take a look at the Feature page. Requires a login with your Twitter account.
o - gremLn -- Management tool for multiple social media.
Social networks
Analysis tools
edited 5dec14 ar
o - Contaxio beta -- Analyses of followings and followers on Twitter of your own account only..
o - FollowerMonk -- Analyse followers. WARNING: wants to update profile and post tweets.
o - OpinionCrawl -- Online sentiment analysis tool for current events, companies, products and people. Search news or Twitter.
o - SnapBird -- Search Twitter history, as far as Twitter allows you to.
o - Social Mention -- Provides a social media search and analysis service, sentiment analysis, top keywords used, top users, real-time.
o - TweetStats -- Takes a username to return statistics on number of tweets over time, tweet density, daily/hourly tweets, interface used, replies and retweets. 11feb14: Very slow, non functional.
o - Twirus -- Trending topics on Twitter, in the Netherlands only.
o - Twitonomy -- Powerful Twitter analytics tool. Analyse any Twitter account, except private ones.Provides backup capabilities.
o - Twitter counter -- Publishes a timeline graph plitting the number of followers, following, tweets over time. WARNING: needs access to your profile and wants to post tweets for you. Also try Twenty Feet (registration required).
o - Twopcharts -- Stats data on Twitter users: dozens of different answers to questions on number of tweets, first tweets, followers, mentions, lists, retweets, etc.
o - Who tweeted it first -- Finds the first tweet on a topic or keyword. Slow.
Social networks
o - TweetPing -- Global, real-time map of tweets. Tweets flash and leave, counters below the map do calculations and show hashtags.
o - TwitterMap -- Accepts a keyword and plots the geo location of tweeters on a map.
Social networks
o - Search Twitter -- Official Twitter search engine. The list of operators is just below the search box
o - TweeterID -- Twitter ID and username converter. Find the Twitter handle for a Twitter ID, or, find a Twitter ID for a Twitter handle. Search on a Twitter ID:
o - Twitter --
Social networks
network analyses tools
o - 5k Twitter Browser -- By Neuro Productions. Takes a username to graphically display the network of followers. Very slow.
o - Followerwonk -- Analyse Twitter accounts and their followers/following.
o - MentionMap -- A Twitter visualisation tool, displaying the mentions and hashtags used the most in recent tweets by a single user.
Social networks
edited 24jan13 gn
o - 10 paid social media monitoring services for nonprofits -- Annotated listing. January 2012.
o - 20 free awesome social media monitoring tools -- Annotated listing, January 2011.
o - A WIKI of social media monitoring solutions -- Extensive list (approx.225) of media monitoring companies and tools, fee-based as well as for free.
Social networks
o - Archivist -- No longer active, commercial only, then updates just once every 60m. Statistical tool, accept a full Twitter search query to return an overview with tweet volume over time, top users, tweet vs retweet, top words, top URLs and source.
o - Flock SN browser -- Supports Flickr, YouTube, Facebook, Twitter and many others. Announced that they are no longer supporting updates in 2011. Still downloadable at a.o. Filehippo.
o - Hyves -- Mainly Dutch social network. In Dutch. Offline since 02 Dec 2013.
o - Kurrently -- Real-time search engine, searches Facebook, Google+ and Twitter. Updates automatically.(Temporarily?) out
o - Listorious -- Was very useful to find "respected" people that are placed in Twitter lists. You could even interview people via Listorious. Completely disappeared and replaced by its sister site MuckRack (see below)
o - Seesmic -- was acquired by Seesmic which in turn is now acquired by HootSuite 2012.
o - Sulia -- Subject-based social network. Discover top social sources in the subjects you're interested in.

edited 10jan13 ar
o - --
o - Tucows xs4all --
Previous versions
Introduction: Offers lists of previous versions of software packages, apps and tools, in case the latest version is not compatible with..., something
o - old Apps -- Lists software for Linux, Mac, Windows, different versions.
Security analyses
Introduction: Some tools useful for network security and penetration testing.
WARNING: these tools may or may not be illegal in your country. Use at your own risc. I do not accept any responsibility for the use of these tools or any consequences thereof.

o - Aircrack-ng -- Is an 802.11 WEP and WPA-PSK keys cracking program that can recover keys once enough data packets have been captured. It implements the standard FMS attack along with some optimizations like KoreK attacks, as well as the all-new PTW attack, thus making the attack much faster compared to other WEP cracking tools.
o - Blue's port scanner -- Very fast port scanner. German.
o - Cain & Abel -- By Recovery of various kind of passwords by sniffing the network, cracking encrypted passwords using Dictionary, Brute-Force and Cryptanalysis attacks, recording VoIP conversations, decoding scrambled passwords, recovering wireless network keys, revealing password boxes, uncovering cached passwords and analyzing routing protocols. For XP.
o - Distributed password recovery -- To recover password from a variet of documetns
o - Nmap port scanner --
o - sharK PWB++ -- Remote administration tool to take full control of a remote computer
Search software
o - Copernic -- Copernic Agent is the client to assist in searching the web. There are other very useful products as well, also to manage downloaded data. Very good and cheap set of tools.
o - Zotero -- Free plugin for o.a. Firefox, to collect, organize, cite and share your research sources.
Network domain analyses
Introduction: Mainly used for forensic research, but also for other applications
o - Maltego -- Maltego is an open source intelligence and forensics application. Used to determine the relationships and real world links between: Groups of people (social networks), Companies, Organizations, Web sites, Internet infrastructure (Domains, DNS names, Netblocks, IP addresses, Phrases, Affiliations), documents and files. Not easy to use, and bit overwhelming interface, but a must have once the basics are mastered.
o - Palantir -- "...a platform for information analysis. Palantir was designed for environments where the fragments of data that an analyst combines to tell the larger story are spread across a vast set of starting material. Palantir provides flexible tools to import and model data, intuitive constructs to search against this data, and powerful techniques to iteratively define and test hypotheses."
o - Recorded Future --

statistical resources
edited 5apr13 AR
Also see: Internet tools -- Statistical Resources, for statistics regarding the use of the Internet.
statistical resources
o - Statline CBS -- Database of the Dutch Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Including search engine. "Statistics Netherlands is responsible for collecting and processing data in order to publish statistics to be used in practice, by policymakers and for scientific research. In addition to its responsibility for (official) national statistics, Statistics Netherlands also has the task of producing European (community) statistics."
statistical resources
o - HealthStats -- World Bank's database of Health, Nutrition and Population (HNP) statistics. It includes over 250 indicators on different health related topics. You can search the database by country, topic or indicator.
o - Statistical resources on the Web - comprehensive subjects --
o - Statistische Bureau's Wereldwijd --
statistical resources
o - Eurostat -- European Commission. Your key to European Statistics.
statistical resources
united states
o - U.S. Census Bureau --

subject guides
edited 4may18 AR

edited 10jun14 ar
Satellite TV
o - Lyng -- Large, extensive. International, listing almost all satellites and channels per country and satellite.
o - SatcoDX --
Video / TV
Introduction: Also consider sites with recordings of recent TV broadcasts (Dutch: 'uitzending gemist') and off course Usenet.
o - AOL video -- Still in Beta. Formerly ''Singing Fish''. Channels,
o - Blinkx -- Search engine enables searching not only on added keywords but also on the transcript of the actual broadcast. Categorized. Uses Autonomy technology. Annoying adds.
o - Dailymotion -- French, Paris. Available in 34 localised versions and 16 languages. Better quality content. Teamed up with Blinkx.
o - Keek -- New social network that enables the upload of short videos (approx 30 sedonds). Searchable, follow users. In short: The Video-Twitter
o - MetaCafe --
o - Search for Video --
o - Vimeo -- From New York, originated from video makers.
o - Vine -- Owned by Twitter. Platform on iOS and Android to share short loop video clips. Mobile only. With chat function
o - Yahoo video --
o - YouTube -- Primary source for video clips and longer fragments. Censored. Bought by Google in 2006.
o - Business -- And go to media and entertainment; film; docu and nonfiction; distributors.
o - DocuSeek film & video finder --
o - DocumentaryTube -- A directory to find handpicked documentaries. Contain a "Top 100". Searchable or browse through the more than 30 categories.
o - European Broadcasting Union --
o - Georgetown University Library -- Limited to the Middle East and Africa, but of high quality.
o - Insight News TV --
o - Screencast-o-matic --
o - Google video -- Closed down 2011, content removed.
o - Truveo -- Closed. See AOL Video.

edited 03jun14 gn
edited 03jun14 gn
o - National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START) -- START is a university-based research and education center comprised of an international network of scholars committed to the scientific study of the causes and human consequences of terrorism in the United States and around the world.
o - American Society for Industrial Security --
o - Combating Terrorism Center -- Independent research center located at West Point. Publishes a free monthly magazine, The Sentinel.
o - Foundation for Defense of Democracies -- The Foundation for Defense of Democracies is a policy institute focusing on terrorism, the ideologies that drive terrorism and the policies that can most effectively eradicate terrorism.
o - Jamestown Foundation Terrorism Monitor -- Previously named the "Global Terrorism Analysis Program" (GTA).
o - National Counterterrorism Center -- usa. nctc. "...integrating and analyzing all intelligence pertaining to terrorism possessed or acquired by the U.S. governmen, principal advisor to the DNI on intelligence operations and analysis relating to counterterrorism.". Also pulishes the Counterterrorism Calendar, worldwide list of terrorist groups and profiles, interactive timeline maps.
o - Perspectives on Terrorism -- perspectives on Terrorism is a peer-reviewed online journal of the Terrorism Research Initiative (TRI). It is published six times per year. Subscription is free.
o - RAND Database of Worldwide Terrorism Incidents -- The RAND Database of Worldwide Terrorism Incidents (RDWTI) is a compilation of data from 1968 through 2009.
o - RAND Terrorism and Homeland Security --
o - START's Global Terrorism Database -- The Global Terrorism Database (GTD) is an open-source database including information on terrorist events around the world from 1970 through 2011 (with additional annual updates planned for the future). Includes more than 113,000 cases. Holds the Terrorist Organisation Profiles (TOP) from the MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base (TKB).
o - South Asia Terrorism Portal -- SATP is the largest website on terrorism and low intensity warfare in South Asia.
o - The Washington Institute Policy Analysis: Terrorism -- Policy and analytic publications focused on the Middle East. More than just terrorism related.
o - Transnational Threats Project -- From the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). The Transnational Threats Project assesses terror, insurgent, and criminal networks and the impact of government responses through targeted field work and an extensive network of specialists.
Meta sites
o - International Relations and Security Network: Terrorism issues -- Choose "By subject" and then pick in the left side panel "Terrorism". The result is a listing of publications from the better institutes and organisations. Select the information by publication, organisation, article, video or audio. Also take a look at the left side panel to select more specific sub-topics in the field of terrorism.
o - internet websites and links for (counter) terrorism research -- By Berto Jongman. In: Perspectives on Terrorism. - Vol.5, no.1 (2011). Excellent categorised and annotated listing of selected terrorism websites: general sites, newsportals, databases, group profiles, journals, organisations, etc. Also covering major topics like cyberterrorism, global jihad.
o - Counterterrorism Blog -- Excellent blog, seized at March 11 2011
o - MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base -- Online portal containing information on terrorist incidents, leaders, groups, and related court cases. The database is now hosted by the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism. Profiles are still available via START

edited 6dec09 AR
Moved to 'Terminology'.

edited 7jun17 AR
Some links about transport in general. Also consider maps, airfields, public transport, and ports.
o - Airline and Airport Code Search -- Return the names of airlines by their offically designated IATA codes
o - Transportation Research Board of the National Academies -- Transportation Research Board.
o - World road statistics -- International Road Federation. ''...first appeared in 1958 and is based on data compiled from official sources within national statistics offices and national road administrations in up to 196 countries. The WRS contain data on over 100 variables, including data on road networks, vehicle fleets, road traffic accidents, fuel consumption, and road expenditures''.
o - Airport codes The Netherlands -- Listing of all Dutch airports with airport codes (IATA and ICAO). International.
o - Best wel snel! -- Plots the highest motorcar speeds measured (from 170 up) in The Netherlands on a map. Live. Based on open data provided by the NDW (Nationale Databank Wegverkeersgegevens)
o - Kentekenrapport -- Dutch license plate information, returns specifications, car data and more. The fee-based version also returns history, owners, pictures and value.
o - RDW kenteken gegevens -- Dutch. Check on license numbers. Returns technical data of the vehicle. No owner history.
United Kingdom
o - Department for Transport --

Validation of information
edited 28oct19 AR
There is tons of information available with tips on validating open source information. Many large and/or scientific libraries have manuals and guides available.
Validation of information
o - Evaluating Information -- Johns Hopkins Sheridan Libraries. Discusses 3 main categories of evaluation, and extensive explanation per category. With tools and methods.
o - Evaluating Information Resources -- UAF (University of Alaska Fairbanks) Elmer E. Rasmuson Library. A couple of criteria for OSINF evaluation, not just WWW but also academic level print information. Also mentions sources to use for evaluation.
o - Evaluating resources -- University of California Berkeley Library. Critical questions for 6 categories. Gives different assessment questions for scholarly and popular sources.
o - How to evaluate website content -- University of Edinburgh (Scotland). Six categories and per category questions to judge validity.
o - The Complete Guide to Evaluating Online Resources -- Hosting Facts. 2016. Single page listing in 5 parts with critical questions and assessment per question. Nice infograph.
o - valuating Information on the Internet -- Santiago Canyon College. Limited, but uses the Internet DNS as well.
Validation of information
o - EUvsDisinfo -- European Union EEAS. "...established in 2015 to better forecast, address, and respond to the Russian Federation’s ongoing disinformation campaigns affecting the European Union [...]. EUvsDisinfo’s core objective is to increase public awareness and understanding of the Kremlin’s disinformation operations, and to help citizens in Europe and beyond develop resistance to digital information and media manipulation.
o - -- USA
o - GactCcheckers -- In Dutch. Belgium.
o - Nieuwscheckers : de factcheckers van Universiteit Leiden -- In Dutch. Unsigned. Undated. No about us nor copyright.
o - Politifact -- Owned by Poynter Institute. USA, Florida,
o - Poynter Fact Checking -- Poynter Institute. Journalist school. USA, Florida.

Webcams, surveillance camera's
edited 12dec138 ar
Directories of online surveillance or video camera's, many unprotected.
o - -- Live webcam views of some of the worlds' favourite places. Travel portal.
o - EarthCam -- Worldwide webcams by map or by rating. International. Searchable.
o - Leonard's Cam World -- 15.000+ webcams worldwide.
o - Network live IP video cameras directory -- "the world biggest directory of online surveillance security IP cameras. Watch live street, traffic, parking, office, road, beach, earth online webcams."
o - Online camera -- Low number of worldwide webcams. Seems to have stopped since 2012.
o - Shodan explore tag Webcam -- List of dozens of standard Shodan queries to find (un)protected webcams worldwide.
o - Watch the newest CCTV live stream cameras worldwide --